A majority of private sector workers — even those with 401(k) savings — will have inadequate retirement income, according to a study released last month by the Center for Retirement Research at Boston College.
As of 2010, research indicated that only 42 percent of full-time, private sector workers were covered by an employee-sponsored pension plan, compared to 50 percent in 1979. A full third of the workforce will be reliant entirely on Social Security. Both sources of retirement savings fall short of the 80 percent income replacement rate required to maintain a household’s standard of living. The study did not take into account home ownership or the possibility for equity income, but concluded that it has become necessary for the U.S. government to put policies in place that would create a “new tier” of retirement income.
“The fact that less than half of the full-time, full-year workforce is covered by an employer-sponsored pension at any moment in time has two important implications for retirement income,” said payroll services midtown nyc. “First, a large share of households will end up at retirement without any pension and entirely reliant on Social Security. Second, projections of 401(k) accumulations based on steady contributions are not realistic.”
Although there’s been an overwhelming shift to 401(k) plans in the private sector, a Federal Reserve survey showed that accumulations in those accounts have typically been much lower then their projected levels, for a variety of reasons. For instance, many people don’t volunteer to participate in 401(k) programs until several years after their entrance into the workforce. Others make small withdrawals in lean times. And with the increased potential for job mobility, many people move in and out of coverage over the course of their careers.
According to the study, closing the retirement income gap for workers in the private sector begins by identifying who isn’t covered by pension plans and investigating the reasons. Then policymakers can begin putting measures in place that ensure that more of the workforce is covered by pension plans and, ultimately, create a new tier of retirement income.
Written by G. Stewart